October 14, 2022

Magnetophoresis in Centrifugal Microfluidics at Continuous Rotation for Nucleic Acid Extraction

Sebastian Hin, Nils Paust, Markus Rombach, Jan Lüddecke, Mara Specht, Roland Zengerle, and Konstantinos Mitsakakis

First published: 14 October 2022


Centrifugal microfluidics enables fully automated molecular diagnostics at the point-ofneed. However, the integration of solid-phase nucleic acid extraction remains a challenge. Under this scope, we developed the magnetophoresis under continuous rotation for magnetic bead-based nucleic acid extraction. Four stationary permanent magnets are arranged above a cartridge, creating a magnetic field that enables the beads to be transported between the chambers of the extraction module under continuous rotation. The centrifugal force is maintained to avoid uncontrolled spreading of liquids. We concluded that below a frequency of 5 Hz, magnetic beads move radially inwards. In support of magnetophoresis, bead inertia and passive geometrical design features allow to control the azimuthal bead movement between chambers. We then demonstrated ferrimagnetic bead transfer in liquids with broad range of surface tension and density values. Furthermore, we extracted nucleic acids from lysed Anopheles gambiae mosquitoes reaching comparable results of eluate purity (LabDisk: A260/A280 = 1.6 ± 0.04; Reference: 1.8 ± 0.17), and RT-PCR of extracted RNA (LabDisk: Ct = 17.9 ± 1.6; Reference: Ct = 19.3 ± 1.7). Conclusively, magnetophoresis at continuous rotation enables easy cartridge integration and nucleic acid extraction at the point-of-need with high yield and purity.